The Psychology presentations wrapped up with a second study from Lexi Pulice-Farrow. On a slightly different spin from her first presentation, Lexi is moving from orientation disclosure to relationship satisfaction, specifically among lesbian identified Facebook users.
Right on the heels of another presentation regarding Facebook, Lexi Pulice-Farrow and her research partners are curious in exploring LGBT disclosure on Facebook and other social media sites.
A few hypotheses were presented including that gay Facebook users are less likely to list the gender of people they are romantically interested in; more out users are less concerned about their privacy and image presentation online; and gay users are less likely to post pictures of themselves with their partners. The survey used for the study was available for both ASC students and non-ASC students. The results showed little correlation between people’s concern over privacy settings, self-image, and their sexual orientation.
Elizabeth Adams began her Facebook presentation with a short survey of the audience. Of the 19 people in the audience, about half admitted to using Facebook at least once per day, and three people claimed to be addicted. Elizabeth hoped to find out just whether or not we actually are addicted.
It was assumed that the people most likely to be addicted would be young, female users. As research shows, however, there is little evidence of this being true. As Elizabeth mentions, there is no true scale which can measure one’s addiction to the site. She presents a few hypotheses, including the hypothesis that younger people will claim that Facebook is more intrusive in their lives. The Facebook Intrusion Questionnaire (FIQ) is the closest she was able to get to a legitimate scale which could be used for this study.
Together Michelle Autrey and Kristen Couch offered a presentation evaluating the implications of attachment style and love languages in young women. This was a study the two students conducted for a 400-level Psychology class last semester.
In the final presentation in the “Music, Mind, and Brain” series, Nyomi Washington spoke to us about audioanalgesia, music, and pain. In a nursing home she discusses, music therapists were invited to work closely with patients suffering from conditions which can cause pain, such as schizophrenia. The therapists worked with the patients by having them write and sing songs about their conditions, and they danced and sang alongside the patients. Nyomi also mentions the more common uses of music to alleviate pain. When one is sad or upset, one may listen to music on their iPod to distract themselves. This is the same idea in mind when doctors offices play music on the waiting room radios for the patients.
Music therapy is defined as “the use of music and its elements to treat pain” with or without trained professionals. More often this field is limited to trained professionals, but Nyomi argues that these trained professionals are not actually a necessary component of the field. There are both passive and active forms of using music as a therapeutic tool, and both can be used by anyone, professional or not. Passive treatment would include listening to music. Active treatment, on the other hand means being more involved; music therapists get patients involved by encouraging them to sing and dance to music.
The “Gate Theory of Pain” further explains the science behind why music therapy works. This theory describes the ways in which pleasure can override pain in the brain. While the pain in your body is not erased, the brain will naturally focus more on the pleasurable aspects. Nyomi emphasizes that it is important to listen to something you enjoy, however. As it turns out, listening to music that is not pleasurable to you will constrict blood vessels in the brain, causing the body to feel even more stressed (and likely in pain) than before.
There are many explanations as to why music is helpful in alleviating pain, and Nyomi ends by stating that there are many more avenues to explore in this field.
Authors: Maria Vega, Annalee Craigmile. Mentor: Professor Jennifer Hughes
Absract: “We examined the effects of age, commute length in minutes and months, and gender in relation to stress levels. Five-hundred and twenty seven participants, ranging in age from 18-66 years, were recruited by student research assistants for this study. The participants took an online survey assessing demographics, commute, employment, and school information. We found that commuters with longer commutes are significantly more stressed than commuters with shorter commutes to work or school. We also found that females were significantly more stressed than males during their commute. These results illustrate that commuters should find ways to make their commutes shorter by possibly moving closer to their job or finding a job closer to their home. Other options would include finding shorter routes and leaving before or after traffic has decreased. If the commuters do not encounter as much traffic congestion, their commute will be shorter reducing the likelihood of stress.”
Authors: Nadrat Nuhu, Sijia Li, Ravea Rodriquez. Mentor: Professor Jennifer Hughes
Abstract: “Passionate love, defined as the extreme longing to be with another person, has been found to only last within the initial stages of a relationship. The current study proposes that influences such as the length of the relationship, gender, and the presence of children affect the level of passion an individual feels in their relationship. We recruited 121 men and 233 women to participate in this study. Results showed that the length of relationship, the presence of children, and gender significantly affected passion. The men and women in couples that had been together the least amount of time reported the greatest passion. The men and women without children reported greater passion. Men reported more passion than women. These findings provide couples with valuable information about how passion can decrease over the length of a relationship and that the presence of children living at home can be related to decreased passion.”
In this poster Laura Scaeffer presented her study investigating the correlation between eye gaze and color preference. As her abstract notes, “some research has shown a sex-linked genetic difference in color receptor sensitivity suggesting females prefer colors in the reddish-purple region whereas males prefer colors in the bluish-green region. Therefore, researchers predicted females will both gaze at and prefer colors of a reddish-purple hue. Using an eye tracking device, participants were shown an image of six squares of different colors and then asked to indicate their most favorite and least favorite color. Fixation points, measured by the duration of eye gaze, were used for data analysis. Early comparisons indicate a correlation between least favorite color and eye gaze. Findings may be useful to marketing.”
Listening to Music While Commuting to Work and Levels of Commuter Stress
Authors: Cristina I. Gutierrez, Courtney A. Brown
Mentor: Professor Jennifer Hughes
“The purpose of this study was to compare those who listen and do not listen to music while commuting. We wanted to see the differences between these two groups and commute stress, feelings of coping, and feelings of time urgency during the commute. We hypothesized that commuters who listened to music would be more likely to have lower commuter stress, greater feelings of coping, and less feelings of time urgency during the commute. Six hundred ninety participants were recruited for the study and they drove an average of 30.41 miles per day. Twenty undergraduate students collected participants via e-mail and flyers. A snowball sampling technique was used in the study to recruit participants. The participants had to at least drive 10 minutes or more in order to qualify for the study. We found contrary to our predictions, that commuters that listened to music had higher commuter stress, fewer feelings of coping, and greater feelings of time urgency during the commute. Our hypotheses were not supported. Further research needs to be done to clarify these results.”